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May 17, 2008    Original  Los Angeles

May 1, 2015 (Friday)  Updated Taipei

December 12, 2015 (Saturday)  Updated Los Angeles

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  河洛漢語昰漢人傳統漢語(2): 日語漢字"音讀音"出自唐河洛漢語音 (舉證)

                                               許松勇

                              (清乾隆福建漳州人入台10th世孫)

                            (本篇為神農子的社會科學創作作品)    

 

我現在就我碰到的漢字, 列表舉證如下, 這些都是夏商漢字原留傳於閩南語/台語和日語裡的鐵証』, 下列資料出自日語辭書:     

 

    本文舉證如下(紅字表示台/日語音全同或很接近的漢字, 屬商漢語』音, 即『河洛漢語』, 和漢語』音, 即北京漢語』差 異頗大):

漢字   台語音(唐音)   日語音(唐音)  國語/普通話(遼金元清北京語      

字典   ji ten; zi ten           字典                     ㄗˋ ㄉㄧㄢˇ      
                                         jiten; ziten             zi4 dian3                
 

期間   ki kan                    期間                    ㄑ一ˊㄐ一ㄢ          
                                         kikan                    qi2 jian                                

延期   en ki                      延期する             ㄧㄢˊ ㄑㄧˊ        
                                        enki suru               yan2 qi2                   

簡単   kan tan                  簡単な                 ㄐㄧㄢˇ ㄉㄢ        
                                         kantan na              jian3 dan              
 

意識   i sik                     意識する                ˋˋ                
                                        isiki suru                yi4 shi4                                

無礼   bu le                     無礼な                  ˊ ㄌ一ˇ            
                                        burei na                  wu2 li3                                

新奇   sin ki                     新奇な                  ㄒㄧㄣ ㄑㄧˊ      
                                         shinki na; sinki na  xin qi2                 

異議   i gi                         異議を唱える      ˋˋ               
                                         igi wo tona eru        yi4 yi4                              

礼儀   le gi                       礼儀正しい         ㄌ一ˇ  一ˊ           
                                         reigitada sii           li3 yi2                                

侮辱  bu jok; bu zyok      侮辱する             ㄨˇ ㄖㄨˋ             
                                         bujokusuru; buzyokusuru  wu3 ru4                

描写   byou sya               描写する              ㄇㄧㄠˊ ㄒ一ㄝˇ     
                                         byousya suru         miao2 xie3                              

演芸  en ge                      演芸                      一ㄢˇˋ            
                                        engei                     yan3 yi4                                 

石板  sek ban                  石板                      ㄕˊ ㄅㄢˇ            
                                         sekiban                 shi2 ban3                

感覚  kam kak                 感覚                     ㄍㄢˇ ㄐㄩㄝˊ  
                                        kankaku                 gan3 jue2                

觸覺  syok kak                触覚                     ㄔㄨˋ ㄐㄩㄝˊ   
                                         syokkaku              chu4 jue2                                

視覚  si kak                     視覚の                  尸ˋ  ㄐㄩㄝˊ      
                                        sikaku no               shi4 jue2                              

感謝  kam sya                 感謝する              ㄍㄢˇ ㄒ一ㄝˋ    
                                        kansya suru            gan3 xie4                               

監視  kam si                    監視する              ㄐㄧㄢ 尸ˋ           
                                        kansi suru                jian shi4                           

監督  kam tok                  監督                      ㄐㄧㄢ ㄉㄨ          
                                         kantoku                  jian du             

失敗  sit pai                      失敗する             尸 ㄅㄞˋ                
                                         sippai suru             shi bai4                                

禁欲  kim yok                  禁欲の                 ㄐ一ㄣˋ ㄩˋ        
                                         kinyoku no             jin4 yü4                              

峡谷    kyap kok              峡谷                    ㄒ一ㄚˊ  ㄍㄨˇ     
                                         kyoukoku             xia2 ku3                                 

計器盤  ke ki pan            計器盤(=汽車儀表板 ㄐ一ˋ  ㄑ一ˋ  ㄆㄢˊ       
                                         keikiban                  ji4 qi4 pan2                            

奮起  hun ki                    奮起させる          ㄈㄣ ㄑ一ˇ                
                                        hunki saseru           fen4 qi3                             

倒置  tou ti                      倒置の時に          ㄉㄠˇ ㄓˋ                        
                                        touti notokini          dao4 zhi4                               

到来  tou lai                    到来                      ㄉㄠˋ ㄌㄞˊ       
                                        tourai                      dao4 lai2               

前兆  zen tyou                 前兆                     ㄑ一ㄢˊ ㄓㄠˋ    
                                         zentyou                 qian2 zhao4                                

散歩   san po                   散歩する              ㄙㄢˋ ㄅㄨˋ        
                                         sanpo suru              san4 bu4                

高所   kou sho                 高所 (=高地)        ㄍㄠ ㄙㄨㄛˇ           

                                         kousho                  gao suo3                                 

古典   ko ten                    古典                      ㄍㄨˇㄉ一ㄢˇ           

                                         koten                      gu2 dian3                               

古代   ko dai                    古代                       ㄍㄨˇㄉㄞˋ         
                                         kodai                      ku3 dai4                                 

近代   kin dai                   代                     jin4 dai4                                   
                                         kindai                                                       

告別  ko bet                     告別 kokubetsu      gao4 bie2                                                                                                                                                 

      kyok; kek               曲                          ㄑㄩˇ                      
                                         kyoku                     qü3                               

      kai                         ∼界                        ㄐㄧㄝˋ                 
                                         kai                             ie4                        
 

      sek                         席                             ㄒ一ˊ                     
                                         seki                           xi2                              

       ki                          飢きん (= 飢荒)         ㄐㄧ                      
                                        ki kin                            ji1                         

      ki                         企て (= 企圖)              ㄑ一ˋ                   
                                        ki te                              qi4                              

      gin                        銀                                ㄧㄣˊ                  
                                        gin                              yin2                        

銀食器   gin syok ki       銀食器                   ㄧㄣˊ ㄑㄧˋ          
                                       ginsyokki                yin2 qi4                       

分水界   bun sui kai       分水界(=分水嶺)   ㄈㄣ ㄕㄨㄟˇ ㄐ一ㄝˋ  
                                       bunsuikai               fen shuei3  jie4                                 

求愛   kyuu ai                 求愛する              ㄑㄧㄡˊ ㄞˋ          
                                        kyuuai suru            qiu2 ai4                     

付加   hu ka                    付加したもの       ㄈㄨˋㄐ一ㄚ          
                                        huka sitamono         fu4 jia                                

先祖   sen zo                  先祖(=祖先)           ㄒㄧㄢ ㄗㄨˇ          
                                       senzo                        xian1 zu3                      

故意   ko i                       故意の                   ㄍㄨˋ ㄧˋ              
                                        koi no                     gu4 yi4                        

意図   i to                        意図する               ˋ ㄊㄨˊ              
                                        ito suru                    yi4 tu2                                   

舞台   bu tai                    舞台                       ˇㄊㄞˊ               
                                        butai                       wu3 tai2                                    

衰弱   sui zyak                衰弱させる           ㄕㄨㄞ ㄖㄨㄛˋ      
                                        suizyaku saseru       shuai1 ruo4                

利益   li ek                      利益                       ㄌㄧˋㄧˋ               
                                        rieki                        li4 yi4                                  

来歴   lai lek                   来歴                       ㄌㄞˊ ㄌㄧˋ          
                                        raireki                     lai2 li4                        

激烈  gek let                   激烈な                   ㄐ一  ㄌ一ㄝˋ            

激怒   gek lo                   激怒                       ㄐ一 ㄋㄨˋ               
                                        gekido                     ji nu4                                   

電流   den lyuu                電流                    ㄉㄧㄢˋ ㄌㄧㄡˊ  
                                         denryuu                dian4 liu2                 
 

電極    den kek                電極                     ㄉ一ㄢˋㄐ一ˊ        
                                         denkyoku              dian4 ji2                                    

電力  den lek                   電力                      ㄉ一ㄢˋㄌ一ˋ        
                                         denryoku               dian4 li4                                  

簡素   kan so                   簡素な(=簡樸)     ㄐㄧㄢˇㄙㄨˋ     
                                         kanso na                jian3 su4                                  

角度   kak do                   角(度)                 ㄐㄧㄠˇㄉㄨˋ      
                                         kaku(do)              jiao3 du4                              

所有   sho yuu                 所有する            ㄙㄨㄛˇ 一ㄡˇ     
                                        shoyuu suru          suo2 you3                                

個人  ko jin; ko zin          個人的な             ㄍㄜˋㄖㄣˊ       
                                         kojinteki na; kozintekina    ge4 ren2                  

家族   ka zok                   家族                    ㄐㄧㄚ ㄗㄨˊ         
                                         kazoku                 jia zu2                                

民族  min zok; bin zok    民族の                ㄇ一ㄣˊ ㄗㄨˊ     
                                         minzoku no         min2 zu2                                 

友人   yuu jin; yuu zin     友人                    一ㄡˇㄖㄣˊ          
                                         yuujin; yuuzin      you3 ren2                               
 

婦人   hu jin                    婦人                     ㄈㄨˋ ㄖㄣˊ    

                                        huzin                     fu4 ren2                             

 

小人   shou jin                  人                  xiao3 ren2                                    
                                          shoujin                                                 

個別   ko bet                     個別                 ge4 bie2                                     
                                          kobetsu                                                 

治安   ti an                       治安                   ㄓˋㄢ                        
                                          tian                    zhi4 an        

                                                                       

設計   set kei                   設計する           ㄕㄜˋ ㄐㄧˋ            
                                         sekkei suru          she4 ji4                      
 

水路   sui ro; sui lo          水路                   ㄕㄨㄟˇ ㄌㄨˋ        
                                         suiro                    shuei3 lu4                      

期待   ki tai                       期待                  ㄑ一ˊㄉㄞˋ             
                                          kitai                    qi2 dai4                                  
 

記録   ki rok                      記録                 ㄐㄧˋ ㄌㄨˋ             
                                          kiroku                ji4 lu4                         

疑問   gi mon;  gi bon       疑問                  ㄧˊ ㄨㄣˋ               
                                          gimon                yi2 wen4                      
 

約束   yak sok                  約束                   ㄩㄝ 尸ㄨˋ                
                                         yakusoku             yue shu4                                  
 

優秀   yuu shuu; yuu syuu       優秀な               一ㄡ ㄒ一ㄡˋ             
                                         yuushuu na; yuusyuu na    you xiou4                     
 

理解     li kai                      理解する          ㄌㄧˇ ㄐㄧㄝˇ        
                                          rikai suru              li3 jie3                 

誤解    go kai                    誤解                   ㄨˋ  ㄐ一ㄝˇ           
                                          gokai                   wu4 jie3                                     

国家   kok ka                    国家                  ㄍㄨㄛˊㄐ一ㄚ         
                                          kokka                 guo2 jia                                   
 

國道   kok dou                  国道 kokudou     guo2 dao4                                                                                                                                          

國字   kok ji                      国字 kokuji        guo2 zi4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

國旗   kok ki                     国旗 kokki          guo2 qi2                                                                                                                                         

器楽   ki gak                     器楽(=樂器)      ㄑ一ˋㄩㄝˋ             
                                          kigaku                qi4 yue4                                    

楽器  gak ki                      楽器                    ㄩㄝˋ ㄑㄧˋ 

                                                                     yue4 qi4            

器具   ki ku                       器具                   ㄑ一ˋㄐㄩˋ           
                                          kigu                    qi4 jü4                                     

道具  dou ku                    道具 (= 工具)      ㄉㄠˋ ㄐㄩˋ          
                                         dougu                   dao4 jü4                                    

理由   li yuu                     ∼の理由で        ㄌ一ˇ一ㄡˊ             
                                         no riyuu de           li3 yiu2                                  
 

人物   jin but; zin but       人物                    ㄖㄣˊㄨˋ                 
                                         jinbutsu; zinbutu   ren2 wu4                                 

知識   ti sik                      知識                     ㄓ  ㄕˋ                       
                                         tisiki                     zhi shi5                     

孤島   ko tou                    孤島に                 ㄍㄨ ㄉㄠˇ               
                                         kotou ni                gu dao3                      

孤兒   ko ji                      孤兒                   gu er2                                        
                                         koji                                                            
                                         kodok                                                      

分類   bun rui                  分類する           ㄈㄣ ㄌㄟˋ               
                                        bunrui suru          fen lei4                                      

分遣隊  hun ken tui        分遣隊            ㄈㄣ ㄑ一ㄢˇㄉㄨㄟˋ    
                                        hunkentai        fen qian3 duei4                                     

修道  syuu dou                修道(女)               ㄒ一ㄡ ㄉㄠˋ            
                                         syuudou(zyo)        xiou dao4                                  

助言  jo gen                    助言する(=諮詢)   ㄓㄨˋ一ˊ                           
                                        jogen suru               zhu4 yan2                                 

減少     kiam shyou         減少させる       ㄐㄧㄢˇ ㄕㄠˇ         
                                         genshou saseru    jian3 shao3                
 

土地   to te                       土地                    ㄊㄨˇㄉ一ˋ             
                                          toti                      tu3 di4

拘留   ku ryuu                 拘留する            ㄐㄩ ㄌㄧㄡˊ             
                                        kouryuu suru        ju liu2                         
                                          toti

奮鬥   hun to                   奮斗努力する     ㄈㄣˋ ㄉㄡˋ            
                                        huntodoryoku suru  fen4 dou4                                                                            

吸收    kip syuu            吸収する             ㄒㄧ ㄕㄡ                        
                                        kyuusyuu suru;      xi shou                     

發見    hwak ken            発見する              ㄈㄚ ㄒㄧㄢˋ          
                                        hakken suru            fa xian4                     

 
天氣                               tenki                       tian1 qi4                        

氣球   ki kyuu                  球   kikyuu       qi4 qiou2                                                                                                                                                       

氣絕   ki zet                     気絕   kizetsu       qi4 jue2                                                                                                                                                    

綺麗   ki le                       綺麗   kirei          qi2 li4                                                                                                                                                       

勤勉    kin ben                 勤勉な                   ㄑㄧㄣˊㄇㄧㄢˇ      
                                         kinben na               qin2  mian2                            
 

勤勞    kin rou                 勤勞 kinrou             qin2 lao2                                                                                                                                                     

    gwa ken               外見(=外觀)           ㄨㄞˋㄐ一ㄢˋ          
                                         gaiken                     wai4 jian4                                    
 

非難    hwi nan               非難する                ㄈㄟ ㄋㄢˋ                  
                                        hinan suru               fei nan4                        

岸道路   hai gan dou ro   海岸道路       ㄏㄞˇ ㄢˋㄉㄠˋㄌㄨˋ    
                                       kaigandouro     hai3 an4 dao4                                        

道路   dou lo                 道路                         ㄉㄠˋㄌㄨˋ                
                                      douro                        dao4 lu4                        
 

宇宙    u tyuu                 宇宙                       ㄩˇㄓㄡˋ                     
                                       utyuu                      yü3 jou4                                       
 

世界   se kai                  世界                        ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄝˋ               
                                       sekai                        shi4 jie4                         
 

一致  ic chi; it ti              一致                       一  ㄓˋ                         
                                       icchi; itti                  yi zhi4                                        

堅固   ken ko                 堅固な                     ㄐㄧㄢ  ㄍㄨˋ               
                                      kengo na                    jian gu4                                       
 

軍艦  kun kam              軍艦                          ㄐㄩㄣ ㄐㄧㄢˋ             
                                      gunkan                       jun jian4                          

意見  i ken                   意見                            ㄧˋ ㄐㄧㄢˋ                
                                     iken                             yi4 jian4                          

見物  ken but              見物する (= 遊灠)       ㄐ一ㄢˋ ㄨˋ  

                                                                         jian4 wu4               

新聞  sin bun               新聞                            ㄒㄧㄣ ㄨㄣˊ                
                                    shinbun; sinbun            xin wen2                       
 

義理  gi ri                    義理の                        ˋㄌ一ˇ                     
                                    giri no                          yi4 li3                                          

馬具 be ku                  馬具                             ㄇㄚˇ ㄐㄩˋ              
                                    bagu                             ma3 ju4                            

偉大  wi dai                偉大な                         ㄨㄟˇ ㄉㄚˋ                
                                    idai na                          wei3 da4                         
 

高度  kou do               高度な                       ㄍㄠ ㄉㄨˋ                    
                                    koudo na                     gao du4                      

高慢   kou man/kou ban

                             高慢な (= 高傲/傲慢) ㄍㄠ  ㄇㄢˋ                     
                              kouman na                    gao man4                                         

思考  si kou                思考                            ㄙ ㄎㄠˇ                        
                                    sikou                           si kao3                          
 

徹底  tet tei                徹底的な                     ㄔㄜˋ ㄉㄧˇ                
                                   tettei teki na                   che4 di3                         
 

速度  sok do               速度                             ㄙㄨˋ ㄉㄨˋ                
                                   sokudo                           su4 du4                           

解雇  kai ko3          解雇 する
                               kaiko suru                           jie3 gu4                          

発射 huat sya        発射する                           ㄈㄚ 尸ㄜˋ                  
                              
hassha suru; hassya suru           fa she4                        

収縮 shuu shok     収縮する                             ㄕㄡ ㄙㄨㄛ                
                              shuushuku suru                     shou suo                    

契約  ke yak        契約                                     ㄑㄧˋ ㄩㄝ                  
                             keiyaku                                  qi4 yue                       

立派  lip pai          立派な(=值得稱讚的)         ㄌ一ˋ  ㄆㄞˋ            

歴史 rek si gen kyuu                                ㄌㄧˋ ㄕˇ 一ㄢˊㄐㄧㄡˋ

                                  歴史研究                       li4 shi3 yan2 jiou4               
                                  rekishikenkyuu; rekisikenkyuu                               
 

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